Research on the application of RFID technology in

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Research on the application of RFID technology in military civilian integrated logistics

I. the working principle and development history of RFID technology classification

RFID (radio frequency identification) technology is an automatic identification technology, which uses the wireless communication of radio frequency signals to realize the automatic identification of targets. Its working principle is to use electronic tags that can receive and transmit radio waves to store information. Electrostatic coupling, inductive coupling or microwave energy are used between tags and readers for non-contact two-way communication to realize the identification of stored information and data exchange. Among them, the electrostatic coupling system, with a reading distance of less than 2mm, is commonly used for inspection of fixed goods, etc; Induction coupling system, the magnetic field emitted by the reader antenna is non directional, which is often used for the identification of moving objects; Microwave RF system, which has strong directionality to read microwave, is generally used for the identification of high-speed moving objects, such as transport vehicles

the development of RFID technology can be divided into the following 10-year periods:

year: the improvement and application of radar gave birth to RFID technology; Early stage of identification technology exploration, mainly in experimental research; The theory of radio frequency identification has been developed and some application attempts have begun; RFID technology and product research and development are in a period of great development, and some of the earliest RFID applications have emerged; Radio frequency identification technology and products enter the commercial application stage; RFID technology began to move towards standardization, and its products were widely adopted; After 2000, standardization issues 13 tend to be paid attention to, the types of RFID products are more abundant, the theory of RFID technology is more abundant and perfect, and products such as single-chip electronic labels and multi electronic label reading are becoming a reality and moving towards application

II. The significance of carrying out research on the application of RFID technology

1. the application of RFID technology is an important measure to improve the management level of our army's warehousing and logistics system

at present, our army's warehousing system lacks macro management, the level of warehouse management is different, the informatization construction standards are not unified, and the overall situation cannot be coordinated, resulting in a large number of excess inventory of general-purpose combat materials and a waste of resources. At the same time, the information construction standards of each warehouse are not unified, and the problem is not considered from the perspective of military logistics supply chain. There are many software developed by each unit, but it is unable to connect vertically. The use of unified RFID technology standards is conducive to the sharing of our military logistics management information resources and improve our military warehousing logistics management level

2. The tracking and research of RFID technology can realize the real-time visualization of the whole process of military material support

ensuring the success of logistics material support is the most important guarantee to win the war. The space of information-based battlefield is unprecedented vast, and the demand for logistics support is unprecedented, involving a wide variety of materials and a huge number. The management of a large number of military materials is an extremely arduous task in itself, and it is unable to track and understand the location and status of materials in transit. It also faces changing support needs. The key to solve the problem is to accurately and quickly grasp inventory information and track the whole process of military logistics support in real time

through the research on the application of RFID technology, we can establish a military logistics support system suitable for the future information battlefield, and realize the real-time visual management of the whole process from obtaining the battlefield demand information to timely distributing the required materials to the army. Through this system, we can easily obtain the real-time demand information of the battlefield, the status and location information of materials in transit, realize the real-time tracking of support materials, and provide auxiliary decision support for the formulation of support plans; At the same time, the military logistics commanders can command and control the materials in transit through this system to realize the redeployment of redundant materials in the battlefield. This is of great significance to improve the flexibility and speed of military logistics activities of our army, and has also become the response ability of domestic and foreign plastic industry merchants to show the enterprise brand, improve the command and control ability of battlefield material support of our army as a whole, and win the future information war

3. greatly improve the economic benefits of military logistics support

due to the use of RFID technology to realize the automatic collection and rapid delivery of military material support information, which greatly saves the information processing time, so that commanders can timely capture all favorable fighters in the rapidly changing battlefield situation, win the victory of the war, and achieve the maximum military benefits. At the same time, the use of RFID technology makes the military logistics activities highly transparent, and the real-time information such as the location and status of military materials in the whole battlefield can be seen at a glance, which provides the necessary premise for the optimal configuration of the whole system, realizes the rational use of the resources in the whole battlefield, minimizes the waste of resources caused by not keeping up with the changes of the war situation, and realizes the maximum military economic benefits

III. difficulties and problems to be solved in the application of RFID technology in military logistics

although RFID technology has good application prospects in the field of military logistics, and has gradually begun to be widely used, there are still many factors restricting the development and application of RFID technology

1. RFID technical standard

each RFID tag has a unique identification code. If there are many kinds of data formats and they are incompatible with each other, RFID products with different standards cannot be used universally, which is very detrimental to the circulation of goods. At present, there are two coding systems for the application of RFID technology in the field of Logistics: one is the uid coding system proposed by the uid center in Japan, and the other is the EPC electronic product coding standard proposed by the "EPC (electronic product code) Global Association" in the United States

more than 100 circulation enterprises in the United States and Europe, such as Wal Mart chain group, the world's largest retailer, and Tesco in the United Kingdom, are members of EPC. At the same time, technical research is supported by IBM, Microsoft, auto ID lab, etc. At present, there is no formal international standard for RFID products (including various frequency bands). At present, RFID products launched by various manufacturers are incompatible with each other, resulting in confusion and incompatibility of RFID products in different markets and applications. This is bound to hinder the interoperability and development of RFID products in the future. How to make these existing standards compatible with each other, so that a r can be widely used in large factories, venues, super high-rise and other fields, and FID products can smoothly circulate around the world is an important and urgent problem at present, and it is also the primary problem to be solved in the military civilian integrated logistics

2. The price of RFID technology application

in the current RFID system, the price of electronic labels is relatively high. If you want to attach electronic labels to every commodity, you must reduce the cost of each electronic label to a certain price. It will take some time to achieve this goal. In addition, enterprises need to purchase many card reading devices and corresponding management software to apply RFID technology, plus related costs such as training, which add up to a considerable investment

3. Confidentiality in the application of RFID technology

the application of RFID technology, many personal information of consumers may be obtained illegally, so the use of RFID has been opposed by some human rights organizations. At present, major RFID manufacturers are trying to find a solution. They try to protect personal privacy by making electronic labels automatically invalidate after goods are sold to consumers or by encryption. However, in the application of military logistics, the confidentiality requirements are quite high, which requires us to ensure information security in the process of developing RFID technology application system, and ensure that information cannot be obtained or illegally used by the enemy in the process of military civilian integration support, so as to avoid heavy losses

4. Data processing capacity of RFID technology application

for enterprises using RFID technology, it is necessary to effectively deal with the huge data problems caused by the application of RFID technology and improve production efficiency at the same time. Enterprises need a data management platform, which includes back-end databases, applications and correct analysis capabilities to process a large amount of data generated by RFID systems. RFID technology should be fully considered in the development of the application system of military civilian integrated logistics to ensure an optimized data management platform and strong data processing ability. In fact, it can not meet the needs of every premature baby and provide real-time, fast and efficient logistics support services for our military logistics

IV. application prospect of RFID technology in military logistics

the application of RFID technology in the field of military logistics in our army has a good development prospect. The application of RFID technology in military material support realizes the whole process visualization of material support from the supply place to the demand place, realizes the real-time tracking and command control of battlefield materials in transit, and improves the current situation of our army's material support, which is embodied in the following aspects:

1, speeds up the speed of material support

the application of RFID technology realizes the real automatic identification without manual intervention, It has greatly accelerated the processing speed of various businesses, accelerated the delivery of required materials to the battlefield, and improved the emergency response capability of military logistics support

2. it realizes the complete visualization of the whole military logistics supply chain and eliminates excess inventory. The application of RFID technology not only greatly improves the management efficiency of various nodes of the military logistics supply chain (such as warehouses, distribution centers, etc.), but also realizes the real-time tracking and monitoring of in transit support materials, so that the logistics commanders can grasp the real-time dynamic data of the logistics supply chain and realize the full visualization of the whole logistics system. Therefore, conditions are created for the realization of joint inventory. The logistics command organization can uniformly dispatch the warehouses in different regions, reasonably adjust the storage structure of guarantee materials, and eliminate excess inventory reserves

3. realize the information-based warehouse management

applying RFID technology to the material management of our military warehouse can effectively solve the information management related to the material flow in the warehouse. It can not only master the relevant information of these goods, but also enable the warehouse to quickly and accurately understand its own inventory level, so as to prevent possible shortage due to the consumption of goods and statistical errors. Using RFID based wireless technology can greatly improve the efficiency of goods transportation, warehousing and inventory counting, and the whole delivery process does not even need human participation

when the materials pass through the RFID reader installed at the location, the inventory will be automatically completed, and the wireless LAN will transmit the data to the background management information system, and the command center can get the real-time material storage information. Using RFID technology can also quickly and accurately locate a large number of materials and equipment, and find urgently needed items

4. Realize the real-time tracking control of in transit materials

rfid technology is very convenient for in transit material tracking, label military materials, set up radio frequency information reading points along the material support, install RFID information readers, and connect with the entire military logistics information platform. When the materials pass through these information reading points, the reader automatically reads the data from the electronic tag and transmits it to the database of the in transit material management system to realize information sharing. Commanders at all levels can obtain the correct support information in real time, and track, record and locate the movement of materials in the whole supply chain, so that the command organization can not only understand the location and material status of support materials in the whole battlefield in real time, but also monitor the whole process status of support materials from the support area to the demand area in real time. Through the wireless command system, the command organization can also point out in real time according to the changes of battlefield form

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